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For game console, see Nintendo Entertainment System .
Nintendo Company, Limited
Headquarters Kyoto , Japan
Redmond , U.S.
Richmond , Canada
Grossostheim , Germany
Scoresby , Australia
Shanghai , China (as iQue, LTD. ) Seoul , Korea
Key people Satoru Iwata : Game Designer Gunpei Yokoi : Creator Game Boy , Game & Watch and Metroid Hiroshi Yamauchi : Former President and & Chairman Minoru Arakawa & Howard Lincoln : Former heads of NOA Satoru Shibata : President of NOE
Nintendo Company was founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi on September 23 1889 . The company’s first product was handmade playing cards called Hanafuda , sales went well and the company was hiring more employees to meet demand. Fusajiro Yamauchi gave the company to Sekiryo Yamauchi years in 1929 .
The company has not always done well financially, but have always tried to find activities for their employees so that they do not have to be without income. Such an opportunity arose in the 1950s, which led to a number of employees during a transitional period earned their living by driving taxis .
In the late 1960s, established itself on the Nintendo toy market. Among the products they made were a series of light guns , a technique they later used to create a gaming machine simulated clay pigeon shooting . During the 1970s, Nintendo invested more and more on the growing arcade market and in 1981 they got their first hit. A young Shigeru Miyamoto got his first chance to make a game and the result was Donkey Kong . The year before it was released handheld game Ball , the first in the series, Game & Watch . Game & Watch was a great success and around 60 different games came to be released. Perhaps it was this that convinced Nintendo that their future was in the home products rather than arcade.
1991 introduced the company’s shares on the Japanese stock market. Shares goes under the name ticker NTDOY  . Nintendo estimated that the value of the own shares represents approximately 30 dollars and they let their employees get priority access to them. The idea was that they were supposed to rise in value and that they would give employees who snapped up the offer with a profit. Unfortunately, denver injury attorney the step is not the value of the shares but fell instead and have low times stabilized at a level that is considerably lower than the purchase price. The value of the company’s shares are currently on par or even above the original level, thanks largely to sales success of the two consoles Nintendo DS and Wii .
As a result of sharply higher sales of consoles and games made by Nintendo, the value of the company’s shares outperformed the value of competitor Sony (who created the Playstation ), but it has not gone on the other competitor Microsoft (which manufactures the Xbox ).
Nintendo Entertainment System (NES)
Main article: NES
On July 15th 1983 was launched Famicom , a launch that seemed entirely stillborn. The year before, the game industry literally collapsed, the future seemed to belong to home computers and it was Nintendo had to recall the 500 000 first units because the hardware was hopelessly buggy. Against all odds, it became instead a success and the company released it even in the USA and Canada in 1985 – in 1986 and in Europe and Australasia 1,986 – one thousand nine hundred and eighty-seven , but outside Japan , it has always been called the Nintendo Entertainment System ( NES ), or Nintendo 8-bit as the known locally. Since there was no real competition was on an enormous advantage against recent consoles such as SEGA Mark III (called the Master System in an updated version). Overall, the console sold 64 million copies.
Of the three consoles that sold more than NES , two autographed Sony .
Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES)
Main article: Super NES
1987 released the NEC console, PC Engine and the 1988 released SEGA the Megadrive in Japan. At first, none of them much attention, but the more modern technology talking to himself, which meant that Nintendo began to lose market share. The sequel to the Famicom , the Japanese reached the shops in 1990 and the name was the Super Famicom . Success was not long in coming. More difficult was it in the U.S. and in Europe where the SEGA Mega Drive (known as Genesis in the U.S.) met with greater success than in Japan. The console was not surprisingly named the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (or SNES ) in the West. The performance of the hardware was slightly better than Mega Drivens but marginally severe enough that the difference was due more to the games they compared. Everything was set for the first great console war . In the end, sold the SNES: a better and had more games but it was not about total domination.
CD-ROM : one breakthrough was not limited to the home computer market, many players in the video game market was trying to hang on through the development of CD-ROM expansions to their consoles. As early as 1989 released the NEC such an expansion to the PC Engine and 1991 was Sega ‘s Mega CD . Nintendo did not of course be worse and even before their SNES was on the market began a partnership with Sony to provide it with CD-ROM. The cooperation was discontinued in 1991 because SONY began acting more and more independent, and instead turned to Nintendo for Philips to create a CD-ROM expansion that would be compatible with their CD-i . Since Sony already had provided SNES: one with a sound chip was Nintendo, however, depends on the Sony and a third co-started, then with both Sony and Philips. However, Nintendo got cold feet and withdrew after the Sega flopped with a CD-ROM expansion to one of their consoles. Any finished product was then never. The result instead was that Sony went on their own to develop their own console with the same name they used during the collaboration with Nintendo, PlayStation . This custom console was released in 1994 and went on to further weaken Nintendo’s market position.
Main article: Game Boy
1989 Nintendo gave out its first portable console called the Game Boy. Altogether, the brackets that are included in the Game Boy series has sold 120 million copies making it the world’s best selling console. The console was sold to a beginning, together with a copy of the game Tetris . This hand-held console, the natural synthesis between the NES and Game & Watch . The monochrome graphics was a big step backward from the NES, but this was compensated with a very compact format and a battery life of today’s portable consoles do not come close. Probably these are the two forces that made technologically superior consoles (like Atari Lynx from the same year and SEGA Sega Game Gear from the following year) did not come close to the Game Boy: one’s successes.
Game Boy Pocket
Main article: Game Boy Pocket
Game Boy Pocket (1996) is the sequel to the Game Boy and is significantly smaller than its predecessor, the display with better contrast and needed only two AAA batteries while the old Game Boy needed 4 AA batteries. All Game Boy games worked on both units.
Main article: Nintendo 64
Nintendo chose instead of CD technology to create a 64-bit console without CD-ROM. A partnership with Silicon Graphics was started in 1993 , and the development of the machine, then under the project name Project Reality , began. Later changed console name to Ultra 64 , but after a number of delays and a change of name later released it under the name Nintendo 64 in 1996 . At this time the PlayStation has already been a huge success which attracted a whole new group of players and even though it only had a 32-bit processor could in many cases offer better graphics because of its superior storage capacity of CD-ROM medium is offered which is especially were labeled in the textures. Third party developers betrayed Nintendo, but the company produced many of his own high-quality games, several of which were based on franchises established during the NES time. Greatest achievements of these was Super Mario 64 and The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time .
Game Boy Color
Main article: Game Boy Color
Game Boy Color is the first portable console with a color screen. The console was launched in Sweden 1998. The console is backward compatible with games released for consoles earlier included in the Game Boy series.
Game Boy Advance
Main article: Game Boy Advance
In March 2001, Nintendo released yet another portable console that was named the Game Boy Advance , also backwards compatible. This console had sharper graphics, roughly equivalent to the Super NES . 2003 released a new variant of the Game Boy Advance called the Game Boy Advance SP . In addition to the SP variant was less had also backlit, making it possible to play even in dim light or total darkness. Nintendo released the September 13, 2005 yet another Game Boy Advance version called the Game Boy Micro . Game Boy Micro has a sleeker design and is much smaller than previous models, but can only play Game Boy Advance games.
Main article: Nintendo GameCube
On 14 September 2001 released console, the GameCube in Japan, this time without the support of any Mario game. Instead, build a lot of console sales, ironically, on the Sega game Super Monkey Ball . After a while, but Super Mario Sunshine on the market, and sales increased slightly. During this time, was also released portable console, Game Boy Advance , which made success all over the world, especially after the upgrade to the Game Boy Advance SP was released. GameCube was never quite the success that Nintendo had hoped. Since it was considered to have worse performance than the competing consoles Xbox and PS2 (which was incorrect in relation to the PS2), In Europe, the console, however, relatively popular, among other things, it was sold along with the game Mario Kart: Double Dash .
Main article: Nintendo DS
At E3 2004 was Nintendo DS up. Nintendo said it would be released during the year. The design, however, changed before it was released on 21 November in the U.S., it was the first time Nintendo released a new machine in a different market than the Japanese. December 2 was released in Japan. The machine has two separate LCD screens , one being a touchscreen . On the machine you can also use the game from the Game Boy Advance . in 2005 released the Nintendo DS in the world. March 11, 2005 came to Sweden . Nintendo DS has released a new version called Nintendo DS Lite . Sales of the Nintendo DS has become a huge success and, contrary to what the experts thought, beaten rival Sony’s PSP handheld game console. Despite the poor performance is sold almost twice as many Nintendo DS consoles compared to the number of PSP consoles in Japan. Similar figures are available in the rest of the world if not in the same utklassning style.
Main article: Nintendo DSi
Nintendo DSi is the third model of Nintendo’s game console Nintendo DS. It was released in Japan on 1 November 2008 and had a European premiere on 3 April 2009.
Nintendo DSi has two cameras with 0.3 megapixel resolution. It has two screens that are each at 3.25 inches, 8.33% more per screen than the Nintendo DS Lite. The screens have the same resolution as the previous Nintendo DS, that is 256×192 pixels. The unit can not play GameBoy Advance games when it lacks a Game Boy Advance port. Game Boy Advance port has been replaced with a card reader and gaming console can then be loaded with games, for example from the Wii Shop Channel. All Nintendo DS games will be playing on the Nintendo DSi. The unit is 12% thinner than its predecessor.
The processor’s clock speed has been increased to 133 MHz, main memory is expanded to 16MB in addition there is a built-in flash memory of 256MB for storing downloaded games.
The unit is equipped with an Opera web browser developed by the Norwegian company Opera Software ASA. Opera browser is also available for Wii and Nintendo DS.
In Japan, Nintendo DSi sold for about 500 000 copies in a month. 
Nintendo DSi LL / XL
Nintendo DSi LL / XL is the successor to the Nintendo DSi and will be released on 21st November 2009 in Japan. It was to be released in Europe and North America March 5. Nintendo DSi LL / XL will have a 4.2 inch screen and an included stylus that is slightly larger.
Main article: Nintendo 3DS
Nintendo 3DS is the next line of portable game console and released in spring 2011. It will be able to show 3D without glasses and also have the gyro box and motion sensor. it will have support for DS games and dsiware. It will also take photos in 3D and there are rumors that it also plays movies in 3d. It will be connected all the time (even when turned off) to give a new way to play. It will have almost as good graphics as the Wii and just as fast processor.
Main article: Wii
Nintendo’s fifth console desktop, Wii, released in Europe December 8 2006 . With its original controls, Wii Remotes , which perceives motion and position the Wii focuses on gameplay and game fun instead of performance. The console was launched along with the game Wii Sports and it became the fastest selling console at launch ever. [ citation needed ]
The Wii is backward compatible with games and accessories for the GameCube and includes an emulator called Virtual Console that is compatible with downloaded games from Nintendo’s previous consoles and Sega Mega Drive , TurboGrafx-16 , TurboGrafx-CD , Neo Geo and MSX .
In February 2008 we launched the accessory Wii Balance Board in conjunction with the game Wii Fit . It is a plate on which the player may stand, which detects the weight is distributed.
Main article: Wii U
Main article: Triforce (arcade game)
Triforce is an arcade machine that is in part based on the same hardware used in the Gamecube. The system was developed by Nintendo in conjunction with Namco and Sega .
Used also in the Zelda series as “magic symbol”
Criticism and litigation
Nintendo CrossFit Denver has often been criticized for the control they exert on the market. Many see, however, the company’s policy that guarantees the consistently high quality.
During the 1980s, Bins the U.S. third-party developers to set up in extremely harsh conditions made possible by Nintendo’s total market dominance. Among other things, they promise that they produced the games would be Nintendo exclusive for two years. This led to several legal disputes and finally, in the early 1990s interfered U.S. Congress and the FTC into the conflict. 1991 a settlement was reached which required Nintendo to provide a voucher of $ 5 when buying a new game for all U.S. Consumers who bought a Nintendo game between June 1988 and December 1990 . Nintendo’s market dominance was thus helped along by the U.S. government.
2002 Nintendo was convicted in Court that they set up a cartel with its European distributors, which worked against exports of Nintendo products between countries with different price levels and thus worked against natural price competition. It was the period 1991 – one thousand nine hundred ninety-eight examined and the largest difference in price occurred in 1996 when the products could be as much as 65% more expensive in the Netherlands and Spain than in Britain . Nintendo fined the equivalent of 1.5 billion. As a curiosity may be mentioned that the study was led by an Italian named Mario.
This article concerns the company Nintendo. For the video game console, see Nintendo Entertainment System .
Nintendo Co., Ltd..
Logo of Nintendo
Creation 23 September 1889
Founders Yamauchi Fusajiro
Key people Hiroshi Yamauchi
Legal form Public limited (Ltd.)
Action TSE : 7974
NASDAQ : NTDOY
FWB : NTO
Slogan “The more intelligent, it’s fun ( France ) This is the real power play ( Quebec ) ”
Headquarters Kyoto ( Japan )
Direction Satoru Iwata (President & CEO)
Activity Video game
Products Video game consoles
Video game cartridge :
The Legend of Zelda
Subsidiaries iQue (China)
Effective 3150 in 2006
Turnover Of 1.67 trillion yen in 2007
(17.04 billion € ) a
Net Of 275.35 billion yen (1.56 billion € ))
Nintendo Company, Limited ( 任天堂株式会社 , Nintendo Kabushiki gaisha ? ) is a Japanese multinational corporation founded in 1889 by Fusajiro Yamauchi near Kyoto in Japan .
At its inception, the company produced Japanese playing cards: the Hanafuda . This is from the 1970s that the company has diversified its activities by producing video games. She was one of the main precursors of the video game, and is currently the market leader in video game consoles.
From the year 1980 , Nintendo has launched in the market for consoles and video games . Currently, she is one of the leaders in this market: in 2008 , Nintendo ranked first video game publisher in Japan 2 and the second to the U.S. (NPD Group). In a st December 2006 , Nintendo has sold 387 million consoles and 2.2 billion video games worldwide 3 .
Summary auto insurance quotes [ hide ]
1.1 1889-1970: Beginnings in various sectors
2.1 1970-1983: From game to game video
1.3 1983-1989: The early success
4.1 1989-1995: The climax of the company
1.5 1995-2001: An era of contrasts
1.6 2001-2004: Nintendo stalled
1.7 2004 to 2011: The return of commercial success
2 Consoles and Games
2.1 Home consoles
2.3 Other consoles
2.4 Major console sales
2.5 Series Famous
2.6 Arcade made by Nintendo
2.7 Main game sales
2.8 Main Characters
3.1 Internal Structure
3.3 Presidents of Nintendo
3.4 Other products
4 Notes and references
5 See also
5.3 External Links
1889-1970: Beginnings in various sectors
Nintendo sign on its former premises in Kyoto
Created on 23 September 1889 , Nintendo is called first Nintendo Koppaï which can be translated into French as “Let the luck to heaven” 4 . It is only a small craft business that Fusajiro Yamauchi was created to sell cards to play, hanafudas , he had invented and built himself. It quickly became the market leader in playing cards in Japan [ref. required] .
Fusajiro retiring in 1929 and will give way to his son, Sekiryo Yamauchi (Originally Sekiryo Kaneda, he adopted the name Yamauchi at the request of Fusajiro). The company is renamed Yamauchi Nintendo & Co. in 1933 . In 1947 , Sekiryo creates a new company, Marufuku Co. Ltd. (renamed Nintendo Co. Ltd. Karuta. in 1951 ) in order to distribute Hanafudas abroad.
It was not until 1949 and the arrival of the young Hiroshi Yamauchi , the little son-of Sekiryo Yamauchi , (to be Nintendo president until 2002 ) to see the activities of the company to diversify effectively 5 . For example, we have seen develop in the market for individual servings of rice, the management of taxi companies and even owns a chain of Love Hotels , anecdotal activities. In 1951 , he changed the company name to Nintendo Playing Cards Co. Ltd. . It is through a contract with Disney in 1959 the company took a major international and goes public in 1962 under the name of Nintendo Co. Ltd..
In 1969 the department was created Games 6 directed by a newcomer to the company, Gunpei Yokoi . The first toy of the latter is called Ultra Hand and went on to sell 1.2 million copies. Subsequently, Nintendo will launch other toys with varying degrees of success.
1970-1983: From game to game video
It is in the early 1970s that Nintendo is turning to the emerging market of video games. In addition to creating games for arcade games , Nintendo is working with Magnavox to the creation of the Odyssey , the first multi-home console games in history ( 1972 ).
The first console created by Nintendo was released in 1977 only in Japan . It is called Color TV Game 6 7 , 8 (several variants will take over the Color TV Game 15 , the Color TV Game Racing 112 , the Color TV Game Block Kuzushi and TV Computer Game ) Battery-operated for the first version, a second version with adapter arrive two months later. These consoles had no additional game cartridges and had a separate set in several versions depending on their difficulty (from 6 to 112 depending on the consoles versions). Microprocessors, too expensive to produce for Nintendo, come from the company Mitsubishi . This console will experience some success and encourage Nintendo to continue in this area.
In 1980 , Nintendo released the Game & Watch created by Gunpei Yokoi . These games, which fit in your pocket, enjoyed great success around the world: in 2008, some versions of G & W reach highly sought price of around 500 euros . It is from these games (with LCD) that come from the most iconic Nintendo characters ( Mario and Donkey Kong ). The same year that the first game of Shigeru Miyamoto , Donkey Kong released on arcade cabinets. Gunpei Yokoi, creator of the game Metroid , is also the inventor of the pad which since 1980 has a patent study belonging to the firm Nintendo.
With these successes, Hiroshi Yamauchi sends the U.S. his daughter Yoko and his son Minoru Arakawa in order to establish a subsidiary there. Nintendo of America, whose headquarters is located in New York , sees the day in 1982 . Similarly, Nintendo of America opened the same year, a subsidiary headquarters in Redmond , near Seattle .
Back in Japan, in 1983 , building a distribution center in Uji City to increase production and promote. Nintendo is also installed in Canada, Vancouver and built a family-style gaming center. During the same year, sales of Nintendo of America reached the threshold of $ 10 million. In July, Nintendo made its debut on the first stock market of Tokyo 9 .
1983-1989: The early success
In 1983 , Nintendo released the console Famicom ( Family Computer ) in Japan, and in 1985 the United States ( 1986 in Europe and Canada) as the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES).
In the early 1980s, personal computing and explodes the console market is collapsing for the first time in its short history. Indeed, at the time, the computers do not cost more than the consoles while offering more services. Only the paintball Famicom, thanks to its competitive price, managed to succeed at the game And when Coleco went bankrupt, as Mattel and MB deviate from the market and that Atari and Philips are recycled into the computer , Nintendo thus find no competitor. Despite the release, in 1986 , the Console Master System for Sega , Nintendo reigns uncontested on the console market. Indeed, at that time, Japan and the United States, one in three households was equipped with a Famicom. It is through the quality and number of games released as the Famicom necessary, as the tactics imposed by Hiroshi Yamauchi . In 1985 , the famous Super Mario Bros. be for sale and will be the second best selling game in the world (behind Wii Sports by Nintendo, the console comes with Wii ) with 40.24 million copies.
In 1986 , Nintendo will launch in the Japanese market a revolutionary device for downloading games, Famicom Disk System .
It was on the NES will emerge the biggest Nintendo licenses such as Metroid , the trilogy Super Mario Bros. or The Legend of Zelda , the first episode was released in 1986 . The masterpiece created by Shigeru Miyamoto has sold more than 6 million copies. The market is growing so we are witnessing, in 1988 , a real shortage of microprocessors to Nintendo.
In the late 1980s, the Japanese company Nintendo is the most profitable, to Toyota , and nearly one in two households in Japan has a Famicom. At that time Nintendo controls about 90% of the market for home consoles.
1989-1995: The climax of the company
The Game Boy from its original version to its Micro
Yet through the genius of Gunpei Yokoi , Nintendo drove the point in coming out in 1989 the Game Boy . The output Denver Divorce Lawyer of the small handheld console from Nintendo is accompanied by the famous Tetris , which Nintendo secured the rights after a fierce fight against Atari and Microsoft and is a smash hit 10 . This console has combined low price, long battery life and a catalog of games as rich and varied. It is a marriage which was unable to Lynx from Atari and NEC PC Engine GT, yet much more powerful, but far too expensive. Only the Game Gear from Sega could seriously challenge the Game Boy, but his low self he lost the fight. At that time, all competitors of the Game Boy were colored, but she only had a monochrome screen.
Next home console, it’s NEC with its PC-Engine ( TurboGrafx-16 United States) and especially with its Sega Genesis ( Megadrive in Europe ), which will break the supremacy of Nintendo. Nintendo replica in 1990 leaving the Super Famicom (SNES in the U.S., Super Nintendo in Europe). And despite a somewhat difficult start to the youngest of Nintendo, the company is still huge profits from sales of consoles Famicom and Game Boy. Super Mario Bros.. 3 (released in 1991 on the NES) is a steamroller which sold 15 million copies. A draft CD-ROM, in collaboration with Sony for the Super Nintendo was announced, his name: Super Nintendo Play Station.
It was only from 1992 (when it was released in Europe) and thanks to its slight technical superiority vs. its competitors (especially the 7 Mode , which allows to create games in pseudo 3D , like F-Zero or Super Mario Kart , and the number of colors displayed on screen), the console came to dominate.
In 1993, Nintendo released a redesigned version of the AV Famicom Famicom called (2 NES in the U.S.) is out next year as the latest Famicom cartridges, a lifetime of 11 years, unheard of for a home console.
Also in 1993, Nintendo cancels the partnership of CD-ROM with Sony, it would appear that Sony has tried to recapture the technology Nintendo for their own use (what happens elsewhere with their machine, they would call for According to the project name: PlayStation ) to join forces with Philips , this alliance will be born only 4 games Nintendo poor quality of the machine CD-I Philips. Nintendo also announced the development of a new console: the Project Reality .
Subsequently, the catalog of the Super Nintendo will continue to expand with classic games like Super Mario World , The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past , Super Metroid , Street Fighter II , the trilogy Donkey Kong Country (where the characters are 3D models digitalized revolution for its time), Super Mario Kart and the series of role-playing Final Fantasy , Seiken Densetsu and Dragon Quest . Explores the same console with 3D graphics chip Super FX used in the legendary Star Fox ( Starwing in Europe). At that time, Nintendo still control 75% of the market for video game consoles . Super Mario World 2: Yoshi’s Island in 1995 represents the culmination of Nintendo games of this generation. Also in 1995 , and to boost sales face competition from increasingly aggressive, Nintendo will launch a new device (only in Japan ) which, through a satellite adapter, to download games on the console: the Satellaview . 1995 was also the year that Nintendo will enter the capital of Rareware company behind the development of Donkey Kong Country .
1995-2001: An era of contrasts
Virtual Boy in front view.
During the summer of 1995 , Nintendo released on the American and Japanese console 32 -bit experimental: the Virtual Boy . This mid-portable console, half salon designed by Gunpei Yokoi was presented in the form of a headset incorporating the concept of virtual reality. It was a failure, just 700,000 units were sold, forcing Nintendo to cancel the European launch. Contrary to what is often argued Gunpei Yokoi did not leave the company because of the failure of the Virtual Boy, but simply to create toys that had always been his true passion.
The Project Reality (or Ultra 64) was finally released in 1996 in Japan and the United States and 1997 in Europe. Renamed Nintendo 64 , this ultra-powerful console when it was announced in 1993 in partnership with Silicon Graphics was not as revolutionary in 1996 , after two years late. Without being a commercial failure, it does not know the expected success, and the market sees dominated by Sony and its PlayStation . Loss of market share does not prevent the Nintendo 64 a series of successes with many games sold millions of copies. Nintendo, the leading publisher of its own console, and realize windfall profits. Super Mario 64 , released simultaneously with the console, is revolutionizing the world of 3D gaming with its superb maneuverability and the analog stick
Also in 1996, Nintendo will separate Square , who had brought him tremendous support with many RPG . A dispute over the cartridge holder of the N64 (as being too limited Square face CD-ROM) will result in the Square will no longer develop games for Nintendo, but exclusively on PlayStation, thus losing market share for many Nintendo the benefit of Sony.
It’s a harmless little game called Pocket Monster (Pokemon), released on Game Boy in 1995 , which will boost the firm. Indeed, against all odds, this game has been successful worldwide and is leading the best-selling games ( two e best selling to date), at the same time boosting sales of Game Boy, and making the mobile Nintendo the best selling console in history.
It was also in 1996 that Nintendo will bring to market the Game Boy Pocket , redesigned version, smaller, lighter the Game Boy original with sales declining.
In October 1997 , a tragic event overturns Nintendo and its fans: Gunpei Yokoi’s death in a road accident.
Subsequently, hits like Mario Kart 64 , Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time and Goldeneye , F-Zero X will be linked together and take off the sales of the Nintendo 64 (but not equal those of the PlayStation).
In 1998 , the Super Nintendo had sold over 49 million copies and a revamped version released in Japan and the United States: the Super Nes Jr. In March 1998 , Nintendo released in Japan, the Game Boy Light , backlit version of the Game Boy Pocket. However, the launch of the Game Boy Light is not a success, because the fans would rather wait until the end of the year and discover a real new handheld: the Game Boy Color . With a color screen and a processor twice as fast as the old Game Boy, it is a success.
At the E3 1999 , Nintendo announced its new console: the Dolphin (the code name for the GameCube).
In 2000 , Rareware released the following unofficial Goldeneye : Perfect Dark surpasses its predecessor and Nintendo released The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask , which despite its quality, but especially its originality can not be sold at 3.3 million copies.
2001-2004: Nintendo stalled
Game Boy Advance
In 2001 , the pace of releases on Nintendo 64 is slowing down: the end is near. Nevertheless, it was during this year that Rareware released the game as offensive from the console: Conker’s Bad Fur Day is now a collector’s item [ref. required] . Nintendo released in the last quarter of 2001, his last great game: Paper Mario after Super Mario RPG on Super Nintendo .
In June 2001 , Nintendo released the successor to the Game Boy (age 13, although having experienced three changes, the Game Boy Pocket in 1996 , the Game Boy Light and Game Boy Color in 1998 ), the Game Boy Advance . This handheld, more powerful than the Super Nintendo , created a craze among both players than among developers.
Late 2001 , Nintendo released in Japan and the United States the GameCube (formerly named Dolphin), created to compete with the Dreamcast from Sega , the PlayStation 2 from Sony and the Xbox from Microsoft , the new 128-bit console, Nintendo has many assets. This is the first Nintendo console to abandon the cartridges for a storage format on mini-DVD. In addition to his great power, the GameCube arrives with a catalog combines the classic brand, like Metroid Prime , Super Smash Bros.. Melee , Mario Kart: Double Dash! who was one of the greatest success on the GameCube, and innovative titles such as Pikmin or Animal Crossing . Nintendo has also signed an exclusive agreement, subsequently lost, with Capcom for its series Resident Evil .
The GameCube was released in Europe in 2002 , and Panasonic markets, only Japan, a version of the GameCube able to play DVD movies named Q (pronounced “chiu”). Also in 2002 , Nintendo created a map of Arcade (based on the GameCube) in collaboration with Sega and Namco . Its name: the Triforce (nod to Zelda ). The games created on the media have the advantage of being easily portable and quickly on the GameCube (eg the arcade game F-Zero AX became F-Zero GX on GameCube ). End in May 2002 , Hiroshi Yamauchi of Nintendo leaving the presidency after more than 50 years in his head. His successor is Satoru Iwata 11 . It was also in 2002 that Nintendo will separate Rareware was bought by Microsoft .
On 28 March 2003 , Nintendo released the Game Boy Advance SP . Same power as the GBA but different design: the console can be folded, the screen is illuminated from below (not backlit as announced in the rumor) and the battery is replaced by a battery. Note: a new and improved lighting in 2005 . At the Tokyo Game Show 2003, Nintendo announced its decision denver martial arts to locate in China . Nintendo products sold in China will be named iQue . The first draft of Nintendo in China will be the iQue Player , a Nintendo 64 recarossée. To prevent piracy, games are downloaded from special terminals on rewritable flash cartridges (like the Famicom Disk System ).
At the E3 2004, Nintendo announces new Zelda (planned for late 2006) and a new handheld: the Nintendo DS . It is also during this period that Nintendo will revive Square after an absence of nearly seven years. Square released Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles on GameCube and several games on Game Boy Advance.
2004 to 2011: The Return of the commercial success
Late 2004 in Japan and the United States, early 2005 in Europe, Nintendo released the Nintendo DS , new handheld equipped with several features hitherto unprecedented in the field of portable gaming, such as the use of two screens simultaneously backlit with a touch, an Internet connection-player Wi-Fi and an integrated microphone. Thanks to a stereo or surround (with the use of a helmet), backward compatibility with Game Boy Advance titles and automatic standby, the Nintendo DS is a great success.
At the E3 2005, Nintendo has some characteristics of the public its new home console: Project Revolution.
Satoru Iwata, Nintendo’s new president, is determined to stand with the new generation of home console in approach: the goal is to return to production costs low, with a unique game that will push sales to forward. This may push the regular players, so you have reach more casual.
In November 2005 , Nintendo released its new game system online : the Nintendo Wifi Connection . Fast, simple, safe and free this system is a great success thanks in part to Mario Kart DS comes out at the same time. This system will also be compatible with the console Wii .
Late 2005 in Japan and the U.S., Nintendo released a third version of the Game Boy Advance, Game Boy Micro with a backlit display and a removable decorative shell, three shells are provided with the console. The screen is better than previous versions of Game Boy Advance. Its small size, smaller than a credit card deal, attract new customers older. This console is selling well enough, although it is only slightly cheaper than the Nintendo DS which offers compatibility with the same catalog of play
Beginning in January 2006 , Nintendo announced that elapsed thirteen million DS worldwide since its launch globally until the end of December 2005 . Followed by a significant number of excellent game sales exceeding one million for titles such as Nintendogs , Animal Crossing: Wild World , Mario Kart DS , Metroid Prime Hunters , Brain Training Nintendo DS , Pokémon Diamond and Pearl , a remake of Super Mario 64 , Super Mario 64 DS and New Super Mario Bros. , an album reminiscent of Nes .
Nintendo DS Lite
Always end in January 2006, Nintendo announced a revamped version of the Nintendo DS in a style quite similar to the Nintendo Wii (codenamed Revolution). Named Nintendo DS Lite , it was released on 2 March 2006 in Japan for the price of 16,800 yen (about € 118 ) on June 11 in North America for the price of 149 CAD and finally in Europe on 23 June 2006 for price of € 149.99 . The Nintendo DS Lite is lighter than the original ( 218 g against 275 for the original) but also smaller: its size was reduced (133 × 74 × 22 × 85 × 149 against 29) and it is possible to manage the screen brightness with four levels of lighting. For many players, this is the inaugural console New Super Mario Bros. (a mixture of all episodes in one new game). This game has sold 900,000 copies in the first 4 days of its release. In 2008, we have a choice of colors: white and black available at launch, then gray and pink and finally red, light blue and light green colors that are added later (other colors like dark blue, purple, yellow or gold are available in limited release in North America or Japan).
Beginning in March 2006 , the million mark unique players on Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection is outdated and Nintendo is making a name in the field of online gaming at the same time. The threshold of two million players was taken in August 2006 Nintendo released “brain training program by Dr. Kawashima” which was a great success. A sequel to this game has come out soon and other games for the same audience and selling out as well. Nintendo has found the audience it needs for its next home console, and therefore find it unnecessary to spend too much money for its production.
The Revolution is now called “Wii” or “We” or “We”, sign of the direction given to this console multiplayer. The console design style covers a “clean”, and has the aim to please a wide audience, but also suit players “confirmed” that will feel, after all, abandoned after its release.
The Nintendo Wii at E3 2006.
The latest console from Nintendo is the Wii (which was formerly code-named Revolution), which was presented in playable at the E3 in early May 2006 . This console was released on 8 December 2006 in Europe at a price of € 249 . It proposes a system of online gaming as one who was born on the Nintendo DS in November 2005 . This system on-line (the WiiConnect24 ) is completely free. It offers compatibility with the games of Nintendo GameCube . In addition, it allows, through the Virtual Console , access to certain games NES , Super Nintendo and Nintendo 64 , by way of downloading games but also to Genesis , TurboGrafx-16 , MSX , Commodore 64 , PC- Engine ( Hudson , NEC), NEO-GEO and Master System . The controller, called Wii , is completely new. It was presented at the Tokyo Game Show 2005 for the first time. It is provided in the form of a remote control. It is a pointing device that senses movement. This controller can interpret the diagonal displacement, separation and reconciliation, as well as rotations. Since E3 2006, it also contains a speaker and a buzzer. Here, two fixed sensors in the form of rods 30 cm act as reference. Extensions can be attached to the handle, like a joystick (called “Nunchuk”, which also detects movements) and is sold with the console.
In January 2007 , Nintendo has sold nearly 6 million consoles Wii worldwide and expects to sell 14 million in 2007/2008. Also the Nintendo DS is doing extremely well, the symbolic 10 million units sold in Europe in less than two years having been taken in January 2008. Note also that the number of DS sold in the United States is about to cross the 10 million units sold. The DS becomes the first console to have reached that figure in so little time.
Always late 2007, Nintendo changed its site. Site design addresses a minimalist style, matching the colors of the Wii and Nintendo DS Lite . In this new site, community space where players can exchange messages and communicate the administrators of sites (although there were rarely present) disappears. The news does not reveal any more before the first, and will only introduce new games coming out, and updates. The site, although better is a real disappointment for players, many of whom regarded him as a reference, for the first forwards but also the content much more extensive before.
November 2007, Nintendo released the game Super Mario Galaxy . Successor to Super Mario Sunshine , Galaxy is the latest installment of 3D adventures of the famous plumber of the firm. The game was a huge critical and commercial success, acclaimed for its originality mad, his concept of gravity, its music orchestrated and its insane graphics. The game sold more than 8.5 million copies worldwide and was awarded Game of the Year 2007. The game won the prestigious game of the decade by the BAFTA , the British Academy. Super Mario Galaxy is one of the best games of all time sides of Gamerankings alongside The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time , Super Mario Galaxy 2 , following the first name and Metroid Prime . He is also the best Wii title alongside all followed in his suite, Super Mario Galaxy 2, The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess , World of Goo and Metroid Prime Trilogy .
In early 2008, Nintendo released the most anticipated game of the generation: Super Smash Bros. Brawl . The game is a great success with sales of over 9.2 million copies. In late 2008, Nintendo finally adopted a new logo is the same as above, but in a fairly unobtrusive gray corresponding to the colors better and ‘clean’ the Wii and Nintendo DS Lite (and the DSi ). Will be asked by mail to numerous newspapers and magazines no longer use the old red logo. Boxes of games still addressing the old logo are republished, and also that the game content or appear red logo [ref. required] .
The 1 st November 2008 , the Nintendo DSi released in Japan. It is equipped with a camera feature but will not play games on Game Boy Advance . On 4 November 2008 , Nintendo announced that the DSi has sold 170,179 copies in the first two days of its release in Japan 12 . By comparison, the DS had sold 117,556 units during the first two days of his release. The DSi has been available since the 5 April 2009 the United States and three in April 2009 in Europe .
In late 2009, Nintendo is selling the game New Super Mario Bros. Wii , a famous episode of 2D Mario . The game breaks record sales in the shortest time, previously held by Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas and the game becomes the fastest selling in history, accumulating in February 2010 almost twelve million sales after two months of marketing.
The Nintendo DSi (and DSi LL in Japan) was released November 21, 2009 in Japan , March 5, 2010 in Europe and March 28, 2010 to the United States . This is a larger version of the Nintendo DSi , the screens are 93% larger.
In June 2010 , during the E3 , Nintendo unveiled its new handheld console to succeed in the end Nintendo DS . Called 3DS that retains the concept of two screens. The bottom one is always touch (it is backwards compatible with Nintendo DS games) but the big news comes from the top screen that displays effects of 3D without the user needing to wear glasses. The 3DS dipose more power compared to the Nintendo DS, a gyroscope, three cameras (to take photos in 3D) and advanced communication functions. It is launched in Japan February 26, 2011, in Europe 25 March 2011 and the United States March 27, 2011.
In the month of April 2011 states that the site 01net according to an internal source of Nintendo, the future home console of the firm would be called Coffee Project . Rumors indicate compatibility HD and a new controller with integrated display. Nintendo finally unveils its new console at the E3 2011 . Called U Wii , it is capable of displaying games in 1080p and will be backward compatible with games and accessories Wii . The joystick is the main innovation. This one includes a touch screen of 6.2 inches 16:9, a camera, microphone and a gyroscope. The U Wii is announced for 2012 .
Consoles and games
Famicom – Console 8-bit launched in Japan in 1983 . It was marketed in Europe and the United States from 1985 as the Nintendo Entertainment System , better best credit cards known as the NES . She met with great commercial success (62 million units sold) 13 .
Famicom Disk System (FDS) – An extension of the Famicom sold from 1986 which allowed to play downloaded games on floppy disks for a nominal price.
Super Famicom ( Super Nintendo or SNES in America and Europe) – Second true home console from Nintendo with a capacity of 16 bits , it is launched between 1990 and 1992 . It was a huge success in the world.
Satellaview (BS-X) – Extension of the Super Famicom released in Japan in 1995 , it allowed you to download games from a satellite channel.
Super Game Boy – Accessory for the Super Famicom / Super Nintendo fitting into the cartridge port of the console and to the PLAYERS Game Boy games on a television screen. The Super Game Boy games could display color with the possibility for the user to set the color palette he used games.
Nintendo 64 – Console 64 bits , the most powerful of his generation, launched in 1996 . Unlike competing consoles of its generation, the N64 still using the cartridge holder and not the CD.
64DD – The 64DD ( DD for Disk Drive ) is an extension of the Nintendo 64 hardware to make changes in games such as editing of levels, characters and allows game publishers to distribute updates via the network Randnet , thanks to the possibility of data storage on hard disk . This also increases the size of the games, flanged cartridge. First announced in November 1995 by Hiroshi Yamauchi , the device has been repeatedly delayed and finally release the 11 December 1999 , in Japan only. It was a commercial failure, few games being released on this platform which was abandoned a year later.
GameCube – (NGC) – Console 128 bits launched in 2001 . Single console of its generation dedicated solely to the game and not the media. Uses a format for storing new games: mini DVD.
Game Boy Player – Accessory connecting to the Game Cube that allows the user to play games on Game Boy Avdance television screen.
Wii – The fifth home console from Nintendo launched in late 2006 around the world. It allows a deeper immersion in the game by picking movements of the Wiimote. A module, the Wii Motion Plus , was presented at E3 2008 that allows the Wiimote to move in 1.1 and truly transcribe the movements in the game (without this module, the movements are pre-calculated by the game, c ‘ is to say that if an attack is performed from top to bottom, it will not up and down in the game) The Wii is the Nintendo console to date that meets the most successful, with about 85.3 million units sold.
U Wii – The sixth home console from car insurance comparison Nintendo will be launched in mid-2012 (no precise date). The console, roughly the same size as the Wii and a similar design (sleek white) is shown as slightly more powerful than the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 . As usual, Nintendo is distinguished by its handle: a gyroscope, front camera, rear camera, 6.2 inch touch screen (not multi-touch), can start playing on the TV to continue on the screen the controller. The Wii Remotes, Nunchuk, the Classic Controlers will be compatible with the Wii U. Wii games will remain compatible, but not the Nintendo GameCube. It was presented at E3 2011. Game developers announce that thanks to its joystick, the game will be revolutionary methods.
Game & Watch (G & W) – a series of handheld games with liquid crystal displays sold in 1980 to 1991 , which enjoyed tremendous success early, and saved Nintendo from bankruptcy 14 .
Game Boy (GB) – Launched in 1989 , this is the first portable console with interchangeable game cartridges in history. It has a black and white screen.
Game Boy Pocket (GBP) – revamped version of the Game Boy, released in 1996 .
Game Boy Light (GBL) – backlit version of the Game Boy Pocket, released in 1998 only in Japan.
Game Boy Camera Accessories – connecting to the Game Boy and to take pictures in black and white, which can be subsequently modified.
Game Boy Printer – Accessory connecting to the Game Boy and allows printing on a sheet of paper images of games or pictures taken with Game Boy Camera.
Game Boy Color (GBC) – The first true Nintendo’s new handheld since the Game Boy, it has a color screen and is backward compatible with the original GB games.
Mobile System GB – Extending Game Boy launched in 2000 , to connect to internet .
Game Boy Advance (GBA) – Handheld 32-bit , launched in 2001 , backward compatible with all previous Game Boy.
e-Reader – Extending the GBA launched in Japan in 2003 . Can play games stored on playing cards.
Game Boy Advance SP (GBA SP) – ( 2003 ) Improved version of the GBA. Has a backlit display.
Game Boy Micro (GBM) – smaller version of the GBA launched in late 2005 . She can no longer read the old Game Boy games.
Nintendo DS (for Dual Screen) – Handheld two screens with one touch. Slightly more powerful than the Nintendo 64, it is backward compatible with Game Boy Advance ( 2004 ).
Nintendo DS Lite revamped version of the DS launched in 2006 . The console is lighter and has brighter screens than its big sister.
Nintendo DSi Enhanced version of DSL, launching a st November 2008 in Japan and 3 April 2009 in Europe. It has a camera inside and outside, lack of GBA slot.
Nintendo DSi version of the revamped DSi has larger screens (and therefore greater: 4.2-inch screens for the DSi against 3 normal) and also a stylus much different from the older (larger). She was released on 21 November 2009 in Japan and Europe and North America in the first quarter of 2010 March 5, 2010 for France.
Nintendo 3DS (for ” 3 D imensional S creen “) Handheld two screens using lenticular technology ( auto-stereoscopic ) display offering a 3D-relief without need for special glasses. Introducing a new suite different from the DS and the DSi, the gaming device includes accelerometers, cameras, a lithium ion battery for longer battery life. The console was presented at the E3 2010 and was launched on 26 February 2011 ( 25 March 2011 in France) at a price of € 250 and then suffered a price drop and is currently priced at € 170 .
Color TV Game 6 – The first console created by Nintendo, released in Japan in 1977 , she presented no cartridge port, game 6 in number was stored directly on the console. Several improved versions will succeed him: Color TV Game 15 (including 15 games), Color TV Game Racing 112 , Color TV Game Block Kuzushi in 1979 and TV Computer Game in 1980 .
Virtual Boy (VB) – Never released in Europe , the console 32-bit launched in 1995 Bankruptcy was presented in the form of a helmet in which were placed two screens giving the impression of 3D depth.
iQue Player – Launched only in China in 2003 , this console is actually a Nintendo 64 games recarossée reading under a new format.
Main console sales
Nintendo DS / DSi : 151 million consoles sold 15
Game Boy : 118 million consoles sold
Wii : 95 million consoles sold 15
Game Boy Advance : 81 million consoles sold a
Famicom / NES : 62 million consoles sold
Super Nintendo : 49 million consoles sold
Game & Watch : 43 million consoles sold
Nintendo 64 : 33 million consoles sold
GameCube : 22 million consoles sold a
3DS : 15 million consoles sold
Virtual Boy : 770.000 consoles sold
Art Style : Arcade puzzle variety for download on WiiWare and DSiWare.
Animal Crossing : a game that allows us to make our own life in an animal world.
Battalion Wars : A game to individually control each of your soldiers and army vehicles, in order to crush the opposing army.
Donkey Kong first mascot of Nintendo and the first game where Mario appears (1981), the first Donkey Kong games plate-forme/arcade where one has to evolve in a series of structures in order to reach the place headquarters where Donkey Kong (which was not the hero of the license, but the enemy is to kill or to save a character to finish the game). Subsequently the series has diversified offering racing games, platform games or music.
Donkey Kong Country , Donkey Kong series of games in the scrolling platform in which you play as several members of the Kong family and where you lived a full adventure in the style of a platform game Super Mario. The series resumed in 2010 by Retro Studios and Donkey e-cigarette Kong Country Returns born with an innovative level design while honoring the old album.
EarthBound ( Mother in Japan ): a series of role-playing kind in Europe.
Fire Emblem : first tactical RPG appeared in 1990 on Famicom . The series has landed in the West in 2003 .
F-Zero : a series of futuristic racing games.
Golden Sun : A series of RPGs developed for portable consoles from Nintendo. The series begins on Game Boy Advance in 2001. It includes the use of a particular system with crossover Djinns invocations.
Kirby : a series of games platforms or originality lies in the fact that the hero can absorb his opponent and to appropriate authorities.
The Legend of Zelda : the series of role playing / action initiated in 1986 and some episodes like Ocarina of Time (N64) or A Link To The Past (SNES) enjoy a high reputation.
Mario : the Italian plumber serving as mascot of Nintendo first started his career in a game can formes.Son first name was jump man but developers have quickly changed because the name was picked for one of Permits Epyx game, since he was the hero of the first Donkey Kong arcade and NES. This was followed by the game Mario Bros.. , first game to bear the name of the hero, in which Mario must remove the screen a number of enemy quantified before proceeding to the next screen. This game laid the foundation of the mechanisms of the series Super Mario , whose first episode was released in 1985 and that introduced the character in the world. Now Mario has tried all styles of games (racing, sports, role playing, party games …) and total Mario games developed over one hundred, and includes styles such as platform games form, racing, sports, RPG, puzzle games, party-games, etc. …
Mario Kart : operator license the Mario universe whose style is the race.
Mario Party : Bachelor of combining party-games mini-games aimed at a large board game, all in the Mario universe.
Mario RPG : Series RPG / adventure in which we evolve in the Mario universe. The first was developed by Squaresoft for the Super Nintendo as the Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars and gameplay included in isometric view. The license holder then called Paper Mario on home consoles, and Mario & Luigi on Nintendo’s handheld.
Metroid : famous series mixing action adventure and exploration. One of the few series whose heroine a woman bounty hunter, created even before Tomb Raider .
Nintendogs : canine simulation.
Punch-Out! : Series of boxing games.
Nintendo Wars / Famicom Wars : A series of tactical strategy games Turn Based mode, on the NES and Super NES consoles. The series was renamed Advance Wars when it arrives on Game Boy Advance and Nintendo DS .
Pikmin : strategy games, where you direct the tiny beings: Captain Olimar and his Pikmin, and try to carry various objects to your ship.
Pokémon : one of the most successful Nintendo is basically a series of role playing where the player can capture monsters to train them and make them fight. On the other games based on the Pokémon universe are out (racing, fighting …).
Sin & Punishment : A series of 3D shooter in a futuristic universe.
Star Fox : 3D shooter games in a futuristic world reminiscent Star Wars . An episode of the series plays like an adventure game: Star Fox Adventure .
Star Tropics : A series of action adventure games similar to The Legend of Zelda , developed solely for the NES that put you in the shoes of a young boy, Mike Jones, in a quest to investigate on a mysterious island.
Super Mario : Wide range of games platform adventure in which Mario plays the hero. Initially designed for 2D, the series saw its first 3D Super Mario from the Nintendo 64. This series is the best known and most popular of Nintendo.
Super Smash Bros.. : a series of fighting games where the main characters appear on Nintendo franchises.
Wario : Wario’s character was originally created to be the boss of Super Mario Land 2 . The third installment of Mario Land was then designed so that the player is in a Wario game platform adventure type of Super Mario , but where control of the hero would be different from those commonly used in the latter. The series of Wario Land on Game Boy and Game Boy Advance was born, and then shifted to Game Cube, Wii and DS under multiple names. Wario has also seen a number of derivative games, the most famous are the Wario Ware .
Wario Ware : game series featuring a series of microgames in 5 seconds per level.
Wii Games : to accompany the release of the Wii, Nintendo has launched a range of games very easy to use and quite minimalist in terms of graphics to conquer an audience of ‘non-gamers’. Examples include Wii Sports , Wii Play , Wii Fit , Wii Music …
Yoshi : Character that appears for the first time in Super Mario World , Yoshi was then entitled to his first adventure in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi’s Island , which under the name Super Mario really did have the first game platform Yoshi . Like Wario in Wario Land , Yoshi has its own set of attacks and movements that differentiates entirely of gameplay of the Mario series. Yoshi games have subsequently been developed over multiple media, the Nintendo 64 to the DS via the Game Boy Advance .
Arcade games made by Nintendo
In the early 1980′s , Nintendo was very active in the market of arcade franchises such as Mario Bros. or Donkey Kong , but with the release of the Famicom , Nintendo has gradually withdrawn from the market.
In 2002, Nintendo has signed a contract with Sega and Namco to produce a new arcade board based on the architecture of the Gamecube , the Triforce (nod to The Legend of Zelda )